Tart, tangy and crisp. The fruit of the apple tree is a firm favourite in the UK. And although they’re not native, we’ve been breeding them for centuries as eaters, cookers and to make cider.
- Common Name(s): apple
- Scientific name: Malus x domestica
- Family: Rosaceae
- Origin: non-native
Apple juice, apple flesh, and apple cider vinegar all have a high malic acid content. This beneficial compound is helpful in treating conditions such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and gallstones.
Facts about UK apple trees
1. Apple trees are native to the UK and have been cultivated here since the 1500s.
2. Common varieties of apple tree grown in the UK include Cox‘s Orange Pippin, Discovery and Bramley.
3. Apple trees can grow to a height of up to 12 metres and live for up to 150 years.
4. Apple trees require a good amount of sun and grow best in well–drained, slightly acidic soil.
5. Pruning and training are important techniques used to keep apple trees healthy and productive.
6. Apple trees require pollination in order to produce fruit, and this is usually accomplished by bees.
7. The UK produces around 1.6 million tonnes of apples each year, making it one of the largest producers in Europe.
8. Apples are a great source of vitamins and minerals and can help to protect against heart disease and some cancers.
NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH:
Crab apple (Malus sylvestris)
Domestic apple has much larger fruits than crab apple but it can hybridise with crab apple, bringing about forms which show characteristics of the two.
Malus x domestica statistics
1. Malus x domestica is a species of apple tree.
2. It is a hybrid of the wild apple, Malus sieversii, and other species of apples.
3. It is believed to have originated in the Caucasus Mountains in Asia.
4. The fruit of the Malus x domestica tree is edible and is used to make a variety of products such as cider, juice, jams, and pies.
5. The tree is widely grown in temperate climates around the world and is a popular choice for home gardens.
6. The average height of the tree is between 15–30 feet and can live up to 100 years.
7. It requires full sun and well–drained soil to thrive.
8. Malus x domestica is susceptible to various pests and diseases, including apple scab, cedar–apple rust, and fire blight.
WHAT DOES APPLE LOOK LIKE?
Dark green in colour, oval in shape, and with serrated edges. The leaves are slightly hairy or woolly beneath.
White with five petals and traces of pink. They bloom in clusters, called as blossoms, and put on a spectacular show in May and June.
Huge green to red fruits can be sweet or sour, depending on the species. Carpels, which contain dark brown seeds, form as the fruit matures.
How many types of apples are there?
There are over 7500 varieties of apples in the world. Some of the most well known apples include the Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Gala, Braeburn, Honeycrisp, and Fuji. Apples can be divided into two main categories: dessert apples and cooking apples. Dessert apples are sweet and crisp and are eaten raw, while cooking apples are tarter and are better suited for baking, making sauces or other cooked dishes.